The mission of the Accounts Chamber is to promote fair and responsible governance as a prerequisite for developing the Russian society and a dignified life for Russian citizens in a sustainable manner.

The Accounts Chamber audits the budget, checks the agencies and state organizations, monitors the implementation of national goals, issues conclusions on legislative proposals, interacts with regional control and accounts bodies (CAB), exchanges global audit experience and informs the society about the results of its work. This helps to achieve the mission of the institution and implement the country's strategic development goals.